Disagreements At Potsdam Conference

The main objective of the Potsdam Conference was to conclude a post-war settlement and put into practice all the things agreed at Kanta. While the Kanta meeting had been reasonably friendly, the Potsdam conference was marred by differences of opinion resulting from some important changes since the Von Yalta conference. The Potsdam conference ended in the dark. Once this was over, Truman had become even more convinced that he should pursue a tough policy toward the Soviets. Stalin had become more convinced that the United States and Britain had conspired against the Soviet Union. Churchill was not present at the graduation ceremonies. His party lost in the England election and he was replaced by new Prime Minister Clement Attlee in the middle of the conference. Potsdam was the last post-war conference of the Three. The first, the Kanta Conference, took place in February 1945, just a few months before the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany on May 8. Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and US President Franklin D. Roosevelt came together to have serious discussions on Europe during the conference. For one reason or another, they first agreed that it would be better to divide Germany into four zones.

The Potsdam conference was after the Yalta conference. The Potsdam took place in August 1945. Very little was agreed in Potsdam. The three leaders of the time had many disagreements: despite many disagreements, the Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. For example, negotiators confirmed the status of demilitarized and disarmed Germany among four zones of the Allied crew. According to the minutes of the conference, there should be “complete indignation and demilitarization of Germany”; all aspects of German industry that could be used for military purposes should be dismantled; all German military and paramilitary forces should be eliminated; and the manufacture of any military equipment in Germany was prohibited. In addition, German society should be democratically transformed by the repeal of all discriminatory laws of the Nazi era and by the arrest and trial of Germans considered “war criminals.” The German education and judicial system should be cleansed of authoritarian influences and encourage democratic political parties to participate in the administration of Germany at the local and national levels. However, the re-establishment of a German national government was postponed indefinitely and the Allied Control Commission (composed of four occupying powers, the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union), was to govern the country during the interregnum. The Potsdam Conference had broken the war alliance between the United States and the USSR. There were several reasons for this: the Allies met again on 17 July of the same year for the Potsdam Conference. The summit, which continued until 2 August, brought together the heads of state and government of the Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom.

By that time, Roosevelt was dead and Churchill had lost the 1945 election, so during the conference there were some open disagreements. . . .