1983 Israeli-Lebanese Peace Agreement

In May 1983, a security treaty was finally signed, ending the state of war, although it did not entirely proclaim peace. To this end, U.S. mediators urged Israel to refrain from requesting that the treaty formally approve an Israeli military presence in the south of the country. Lebanon had to commit to future discussions on normalizing relations with Israel. Without the heavy hand of American diplomats, the agreement would never have been signed. However, the main Arab states rejected the agreement (Syria) or did not provide support without support (Saudi Arabia). Many, if not most in Lebanon, were opposed to the agreement. In October, hundreds of attacks were carried out on U.S. and French military barracks, and the multinational force left the following March after the collapse of the rebuilt Lebanese army. Within a year, the Lebanese government unilaterally abrogated the agreement. in accordance with Article 1 of this agreement and the simultaneous restoration of Lebanon`s governmental power along the international border between Israel and Lebanon, and in view of the end of the state of war, the contracting parties include good faith negotiations within the Joint Liaison Committee to conclude agreements on the movement of goods , goods and persons and their execution on a non-discriminatory basis. The ceasefire focused on security issues that require Israel`s withdrawal from the international border, the release of prisoners and the creation of a joint ceasefire commission made up of military representatives from both sides and a UN representative to monitor the ceasefire. Given that Egypt had already signed such an agreement and that Syria and Jordan were close to negotiating such an agreement, other regional parties supported the principle of such weapons.

The ceasefire itself has also set important precedents for future negotiations. Since only representatives of the United Nations and the army participated in the talks and subsequently the Joint Ceasefire Commission, the association of civilian representatives would in future be seen as a step towards mutual recognition. After the final end of the Lebanese civil war in 1990, Israel and Syria continued the occupation of the country. Hezbollah has launched an active resistance campaign against Israel and its deputies in the South.